Posts Tagged ‘Robert Warren’

Material Models for Simulation Premium

Friday, March 20th, 2015

What Material Model should be used for a specific

Non-Linear Study?

A commonly asked question is what material model should be used for a specific Non-Linear Study?  The answer is divided into three parts.

1. What is the material in the design(Steel, Rubber, Plastic, etc.)?

2. What is happening to the material(remain elastic, plastically deform etc.)?

3. What material property data is available for the material?

Material Choice in Design

Lets discuss material choice first.  Typically metals are characterized as a linear material and act as such.  Linear materials are simplified to behave predictably under specific loading criteria.  For Linear materials the Elastic Modulus, Poisons Ratio, and Yield Strength are all assumed to be constants.  Rubber, Plastics and Composites are accepted as Non-Linear materials and immediately require more than fixed material values.  As a rule of thumb the fore mentioned grouping holds true as long as the loading conditions dictate as such.

What is Happening to the Material?

What happens to the material under load?  What happens to the material during loading is as much a factor as the original material choice when specifying a material model.  Metals typically operate with a portion of the stress strain curve known as the elastic region.  The elastic region is typically from zero stress/strain to the yield point.  The slope of this line is the Elastic Modulus. When a load is applied and then removed the geometry will return to a zero state of stress and strain.  However what happens when the model moves beyond yield.  The once Linear Material is now Non-Linear and requires a defined Stress Strain Curve.  The Stress Strain Curve dictates how the material behaves under load beyond yield. Plastics, Rubbers, and composites are already Non-Linear and require a Stress Strain curve for their definition as the linear region of their curves either does not exist or is very small.

Stress Strain

The information assumed about the material helps determine what material model can be utilized within simulation.  For some materials a simple stress strain curve is not enough and one or more of the simple tension, bi-axial tension and shear test curves is required.

 What material property data is available for the material?

SOLIDWORKS Simulation Premium contains several different material mathematical models to choose from, and covers a wide range of options to best suite the analysis being ran. Please consult the Simulation technical reference guide and help file for more information on the models and their uses.

Simulation Material Choices

A general list of materials models and its use is below.

Elastic Models: Geometry Returns To It’s Original Position After Loading

Linear Elastic Isotropic –        Linear Material with properties the same in all directions x,y,and z

Linear Elastic Orthotropic-   Linear Material with properties different in the x,y, and z directions

Non-Linear Elastic-                Non-Linear Material with elastic properties (require a stress/strain curve)

Elasto- Plastic Models: Geometry Can Plasticity Deform When Loaded and Unloaded

Plasticity von Mises-              Studies von Mises Stress values, Goes Beyond Yield

Plasticity Tresca-                    Uses Shear Criteria and more conservative than von Mises formalization

Plasticty Drucker Prager-      Approximates Granular soil

Hyper Elastic Elastomers: Large Capacity To Take Strain With Relatively Low Stress Require a combination of the three curves mentioned above.

Mooney-Rivlin(M-R)-            In-compressible Strain up to 150% derived from 3 curves

Ogden(OHE)-                          In-compressible Strain up to 500-600%

Blatz-Ko-                                   Compressible Poisson’s Ratio is assumed to be 0.25

Simulation Premium also offers a Nitinol Model and a Viscoelastic for specific applications.

The above is meant to be a general guide as to what material model to choose for specific applications.  Three main factors are involved when choosing a material model, the material itself, loading conditions/application, and the material properties.

Click Here to learn more about SOLIDWORKS Simulation Premium. 

Robert Warren

Elite Application Engineer CAE Technical Specialist 3DVision Technologies


Friday, January 30th, 2015

The SOLIDWORKS Flow Simulation team has added powerful new functionality to their arsenal,  Rotating Mesh Regions.  Rotating mesh regions or “sliding mesh regions” allow the user to rotate geometry in the model and drive the fluid of the system.  If you are designing any device that utilizes, impellers, propellers, or other rotational apparatus Flow Simulation can provide results such as flow rate, pressure drop, velocity, and many more, all based on the rotation of the geometry.  A transient or time based study is required to use the Rotating Mesh Region.

Application of Rotating Mesh

Application of Rotating Mesh


Rotating Mesh Region

Rotating Mesh Region


If you have SOLIDWORKS Flow Simulation 2015 already loaded you can find the rotating mesh region under the rotation type “Local regions(s) (Sliding mesh).  Utilize the rotating region boundary condition as usual in the Flow Simulation Design Tree.

Analysis Settings

Analysis Settings


For a look at the Rotating Mesh Region please see the following link.


Robert Warren

Elite Application Engineer CAE Technical Specialist 3DVision Technologies

2015 Flow Simulation Compare Tool Improvements

Monday, November 24th, 2014

Every new release of Flow Simulation adds more functionality, faster solution times, and customer requested enhancements.  One of the 2015 enhancements is the Study Compare Tool overhaul.  In 2014 a user could compare any active plot and goals between projects in the same model.  This is very useful functionality when comparing between different design options under the same flow conditions.  Only being able to compare active plots lead to some drawbacks and some fumbling for what you actually wanted to see.  The goal plots gave the engineer only a table view of the reported values.  Great for a quick numerical comparison, but this left the user manipulating the data in Excel to get nice visual graphs.


This is where 2015 Flow Simulation Compare Tool comes in.  2015 Compare improvements allow the user to directly compare all the generated plots in the project, not just the active one.  If they do not want all the plots they can pick and choose which ones they want to see though a check box interface.  The comparison does not end there, we now can compare XY plots, Tabular Data, and other enhanced chart options.  New to the goal plot is a series of enhanced display options allowing the user to display the goal plot data in bar chart, scatter plot, and over/under displays.

Compare Interface



Pressure Chart

Bar Chart


To access the Flow Simulation Compare Tool, go to Tools>Flow Simulation>Results>Compare, or choose the compare Icon on the Flow Command manager.

Compare Results

Compare Results


2015 Flow Simulation Compare Tool enhancements, improve the direct outputs from Flow Simulation,  greatly decrease the time to get to the important data, give the engineer better knowledge of the Project results.  Flow Simulation in 2015 is helping make the user, Better, Faster, and Smarter.

Globe Valve Flow

Robert Warren

Elite Application Engineer CAE Technical Specialist 3DVision Technologies

Duplicate SolidWorks Plastics Project

Tuesday, June 24th, 2014

SolidWorks Simulation allows a user to ‘Duplicate’ a study, and SolidWorks Flow Simulation allows a user to ‘Clone’ a project.  Why not SolidWorks Plastics?  SolidWorks plastics is an injection molding software that allows a user to understand the manufacturability of a plastic part.  Because this is a fully integrated SolidWorks Simulation product different Projects are related to configurations in the part.  To re-use the setup from project to project please follow the instructions in the link below.

Duplicate Plastics Project

This functionality allows a user to quickly duplicate a project to change different parameters and re-run.  If you are currently using SolidWorks Plastics this information will speed up your work flow and Simulation setup times.

Robert Warren

Elite Application Engineer CAE Technical Specialist 3DVision Technologies

Multiple Flow Result Plots in E-Drawings for 2014

Tuesday, April 22nd, 2014

New for 2014, The ability to save multiple result plots in one E-Drawings file.  Previously the result plots needed to be saved in individual E-Drawings files. This caused more files to be generated and shared than need be.

To generate multiple result file plots in one E-Drawings file follow this procedure.

  • Show all plots desired to be included in the E-Drawings file
  • Right Mouse Button on the Results Folder and Select Save Image
EDrawings Save Image

E-Drawings Save Image

  • Choose the E-Drawings File Format
EDrawings Pull Down

E-Drawings Pull Down

Once in E-Drawings you can turn on or off the individual plots as needed to convey the content you wish to show.

Multiple Flow Plots E-Drawings

Multiple Flow Plots E-Drawings

Robert Warren

Elite Application Engineer CAE Technical Specialist 3DVision Technologies

Flow Simulation ‘Replicate Condition’

Thursday, March 20th, 2014

New for 2014 a user has the ability to apply a single Boundary Condition to multiple instances of the same part.  This is a great time saving tip.  No more manually adding the same Boundary Condition to instances of the a part.

With your setup you can assign Boundary Conditions such as an “Inlet”, “Outlet”, and “Heat Source” to  “Part1 “(face/volume) for example.

Simply Right Mouse Button the Boundary Condition and select “Copy to Component Instance”.

The Boundary Condition auto populates on all “Part 1s” in the model.

You can deselect the instance(s) you do not want included.

Note: the “Part 1″ needs to be a part in an assembly for the transfer to work.

For the full pdf instructions please see the link below:

Replicate Condition Flow

Robert Warren

Elite Application Engineer CAE Technical Specialist 3DVision Technologies

Circuit Works and Flow Simulation Working Together

Tuesday, February 25th, 2014

When you think about it, it makes sense that different parts of our SolidWorks Software work together to make a total package.  Keeping in this tradition now in 2014 Circuit Works and Flow Simulation work together to make your life easier.

2014 Flow simulation now imports the Circuit Works component properties and applies them automatically as boundary conditions in your Flow Simulation setup.  Previously these properties would be input manually.  Now we can import ECAD file PCB or Component Thermal Properties to Flow Simulation.

Circuit Board

Circuit Board

Some of the properties that can be directly utilized from Circuit Works are, Dielectric and Conductor Density, Specific Heat, Conductivity for PCBs, and Conductivity for Volumetric Heat Sources.

Circuit Board Thermal Flow

Circuit Board Thermal Flow

Two Import Options:

Right-click Heat Sources and select Import volume source from model. Select the heat sources to import in Item properties.
Right-click Printed Circuit Boards and select Import Printed Circuit Boards from model. Select the PCBs to import in Item properties.

Import Interface

Import Interface

If you are doing Flow Simulation on Electronics Enclosures check out the new Circuit Works import options.  This new feature is a great time saver.  Manually adding these properties on a typical circuit board (100’s of components) is tedious and time consuming.  Circuit Works integration brings this task down to a few simple clicks.

Robert Warren

Elite Application Engineer CAE Technical Specialist 3DVision Technologies

What Can’t You Design In SolidWorks? #3

Tuesday, January 28th, 2014

RC Hovercraft #3 – SolidWorks Simulation

To review, I had 4 main design criteria for the Remote Control Hover Craft.

  • Utilize the SolidWorks and SolidWorks Simulation Suite of software to develop and optimize the hovercraft design.
  • The RC Hovercraft’s main components will be 3D Printed using the Stratasys UPrint.
  • Easy to Assemble. I want to make the assembly as easy and as straight forward as possible with concise instructions.
  • For purchased components, use low cost, off the shelf components including the electric motors, electronic speed control (ESC), batteries, and propellers.

The next step of the design process is to verify using  SolidWorks Flow Simulation  that the motor and propeller combination will provide a proper amount of air flow to lift the hover craft.

Flow Simulation provides an understanding of  flow in an internal or external volume.  Flow Simulation calculates flow with media including Gases, Fluids, Real Gases, and Non Newtonian Fluids.  Flow Rate, Velocity, Pressure , Vortices, and many other parameters are calculated during the solution.

The following  calculation with the provided manufacturer information was used to calculate the flow parameter boundary conditions for the simulation.

CFM = Cubic Feet per Minute = Volumetric Flow Rate

Mass Flow Rate = (Density) x (Volumetric Flow Rate)

Newton’s Second Law of Motion:  Force = (Mass) x (Acceleration), or F = ma

F = ma = (Mass Flow Rate) x (Velocity), given a constant flow velocity

(i.e., constant propeller speed and pitch angle).

Velocity = (Volumetric Flow Rate) / (Area), where Area = (Pi) x (r^2), the

length of a propeller blade is a good approximation for the radius, r.

Thrust = (Density) x (CFM^2) / ((Pi) x (r^2))

Note: Keep track of your units!

The hover craft’s Flow Simulation was approached from an external analysis type.  A volume was specified around the  hover craft to capture flow into the  inlet and out of the bladder, and its effect from the surrounding environment.  A fan was used to provide the draw of air through the inlet into the internals of the hover craft.  Parts of the hover craft were removed including the canopy cover batteries, and escs.  These components are unnecessary for teh flow run and would increase computational time.


Air Velocity

Air Velocity

Air Velocity Top

Air Velocity Top

The results from the Flow Simulation run show a symmetric and even outlet pattern of flow from the Hover Craft’s “Bladder”.  The parameters provided by the flow simulation suggest that the motor and propeller combination should be sufficient for lifting the craft.

Robert Warren

Elite Application Engineer CAE Technical Specialist 3DVision Technologies

Mesh Improvements For Simulation Flow

Monday, December 2nd, 2013

SolidWorks Flow 2014 has been released and there are several updates.  I want to talk about the Mesh Improvements inside of Flow Simulation.

Two Main Changes:

  • Mesh Parallelization
  • Local Initial Mesh Regions now Adaptive


Lets discuss the Mesh Parallelization first.  There are three stages during mesh generation in Flow Simulation  Geometry Evaluation, Mesh Capture, and Mesh Saving.

Flow Simulation in 2013 utilized one processor for all three mesh operations.  Flow Simulation 2014 utilizes multiple cores(user specified) for the Mesh Capture(resource intense) portion of the process.  This speeds up the mesh drastically between versions.  A 1.5 million cell model in 2013 took 23 minutes to mesh.  In 2014 the same computer, model, and mesh settings took 11 minutes. Over a 50% improvement for this example model.


Adaptive Meshing has always been available in Flow Simulation, however it was only effective on the entire computational domain.  Adaptive meshing is a setting that allows the software to automatically refine areas of high gradient in the flow, allowing the software to converge the results.  Adaptive meshing on a localized region is now available for 2014.  A localized region is a region that a user specifies to have manual mesh refinements on.  This is done by inserting a body in the flow region and specifying it as a local initial mesh.  This region can now be specified to be affected by adaptive meshing.  This speeds up convergence by localizing the adaptive changes.



Robert Warren

Elite Application Engineer CAE Technical Specialist 3DVision Technologies

e Drawings Augmented Reality For IOS Mobile Devices

Wednesday, July 31st, 2013

Released for 2013 e Drawings is a new feature called Augmented Reality (AR). Being July already, this topic may not be new to many of you but I wanted to go over what AR is all about and a helpful trick I learned when utilizing it.


AR is a portion of e Drawings that allows a user to view their model in a real world setting.  AR utilizes the mobile devices rear facing camera and a QR code.  Simply place the QR print out on the ground or wall and point the mobile device towards the print.  The model is superimposed over the background image the camera is taking.  Zoom, Pan, Rotate, and scaling is all available when using AR.

Augmented Reality

The limitation I found is with the mobile devices camera. The QR code is only recognized up to about 5 feet away, after that the QR is not recognized.   This is limiting with large models that you would need to be farther than 5 feet away to properly scale in the room.  Because we cannot change the camera properties of the device lets change the QR code. To increase the range of recognition is simple,  enlarge the QR code.  I have found that this is fairly proportional.  a QR at 100% size is recognized at about 5 feet, a 200% sized QR code is recognizable up to 10 feet, and so on.


Below are some links and additional information on this exciting technology.



Robert Warren

Elite Application Engineer CAE Technical Specialist 3DVision Technologies

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